that

that
that [that]
pron.
pl. those [ME < OE thæt, nom. & acc. neut. of the def. article (nom. masc. se, nom. fem. seo), akin to Ger neut. nom. & acc. das < IE demonstrative base * -to-, *-tā- > THERE, THITHER, L istud, that, talis, such]
I as a demonstrative
1. the person or thing mentioned or understood [that is John; that tastes good]
2. the thing farther away than another referred to as “this” [this is larger than that]
3. the more remote in thought of two contrasted things [of the two possibilities, this is more likely than that]
4. [pl.] certain people [those who know]
II as a relative pronoun, now often omitted, esp. in sense THAT 1
1. who, whom, or which [the road (that) we took]
2. where; at which; on which [the place that I saw her]
3. when; in which; on which [the year that I was born]
adj.
those
1. designating the person or thing mentioned or understood [that woman is Mary; that pie tastes good]
2. designating the thing farther away than the one referred to as “this” [this house is larger than that one]
3. designating the more remote in thought of two contrasted things [of the two, this possibility is more likely than that one]
4. designating something or someone not described but well known or easily recognizable: sometimes with implications of disparagement [that certain feeling, there comes that smile!, that George!]
conj.
1. a subordinating conjunction used to introduce:
a) a noun clause expressing a supposed or actual fact [that she's gone is obvious; the truth was that we never saw her; it was true that we never saw her]
b) an adverbial clause expressing purpose [they died that we might live]
c) an adverbial clause expressing result [you ran so fast that I couldn't catch up]
d) an adverbial clause expressing cause [I'm sorry that I caused you such annoyance]
e) an elliptical sentence expressing surprise, indignation, or desire [that you should say such a thing! oh, that this day would be over!]
adv.
1. to that extent; so [I can't see that far ahead ]: also used informally before an adjective modified by a clause of result [ I'm that tired I could drop ]
2. Informal very; so very: used in negative constructions [I didn't like the book that much]
——————
all that Informal
1. so very: used in negative constructions [they aren't all that rich]
2. everything of the same or related sort [sex and all that]
——————
☆ at that Informal
1. at that point; with no further discussion, etc.: also with that
2. all things considered; even so
——————
that is
1. to be specific
2. in other words
——————
that's that!
that is settled!

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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